Fighting Disease Creatures

  Diseases are understood as creatures that can be sent to attack a person or an animal. Witches can send…

Finnish Shaman’s Main Allies

The list of Finnish shamans’ allies is collected from original spells of ancient shamans, and are the actual characters and…

Shamans vs. Witches

Although witches and shamans are sometimes used as synonyms, in the shamans’ spells the difference between a witch and a…

Raising the Dead

How did ancient Finnish shamans raise the dead? They followed certain procedures. 1. Entering the graveyard Shamans usually entered the…

Goblins as shaman’s allies

The goblins (hiisi, plural: hiidet) are ancient forest gods. They are found in forests, inside mountains, and in waters. Mountains…